Ancient jade craftsmanship

The ancient jade technique originated from the production of stone tools. Cutting, learning, rubbing and grinding are the technological procedures used by jade tools. Cutting, that is, dissolving, Jieyu should use a toothless saw to add jade sand, which will be expected to be separated; the study is to use a circular saw to repair mortar; 琢, is to use diamonds, cones and other tools to sculpt the pattern, drilling; In the final process, fine wood chips, gourd skin and psoriasis pearl mortar are polished to give the jade a gelatinous luster. This set of jade technology has been mastered by artisans in the Shang Dynasty. Today's jade carving techniques generally use four methods of cutting, learning, smashing and grinding. The pre-Qin called the jade jade, the Song people called the jade, now called the grind.


One of the jade craft processes. From a piece of jade jade to a jade, the first is to design the "phase jade". "Phase" is not only "seeing", but after thinking about it, to judge the intrinsic quality and shape of jade, and then to determine what works on the subject.


One of the jade craft processes. It is based on the image that is conceived, using the ink lines on the jade material to draw it (painting). "Scrap" is a key link in the jade process.


One of the processes of the jade process. It refers to the specific production of jade. Making jade jargon is called "thinking." Because jade is extremely hard, it must be made of iron discs - 铊 as a tool, water and corundum as a medium, through the brakes, punching, pressing, hooking, smoothing and other processes, one by one honing. It is completely different from the carved "knife live". Jade honing is a very rigorous skill. The master jade pieces can achieve the artistic effect of “small and medium-sized” and “light and heavy”.


One of the jade craft processes. Also called "bright" or "polished". It is made of shells made of shellac, wood, gourd, cowhide and copper, and the rough parts of the jade pieces are ground and smoothed. And by applying some chemical powder materials such as chrome oxide as a medium, the jade pieces reveal the essence of smooth, warm and crystallized jade.

Double hook milling

The famous technique of the jade in the Han Dynasty. In the literature that records jade, it is said that its engravings are as fine as a gossamer, like hair, turning around, without any stagnation. And the unearthed exquisite jade articles of the Han Dynasty are cited, and these statements in the ancient literature are reliable.

"Two Ming made" through jade carving

The "two Ming Dynasty" technique appeared in the middle of the Qing Dynasty and has many applications in the Beijing Forbidden City and Suzhou gardens. The two Ming dynasty jade carvings are made on a flat (or slightly convex) jade piece. The two sides of the two sides are transparently carved out with two different patterns. The two layers are completely open in the middle, and the surrounding edges are connected as a whole. The ornamentation is hollow, the reverse is wrong, and each other is hidden, so clever and peculiar. Difficult to work, fine workmanship.

Gold jade

Using the traditional gold wrong technique, the jade is made into fine lines and then embedded with gold or silver. Jade articles need to be grounded. Commonly known as "embedded gold", it is actually "golden wrong." In ancient China, "carving jade" and "golden gold" were the most elaborate handicrafts. According to the Eastern Han Dynasty Li You and the Three Kingdoms, "Yan Wen wrong" and "Golden Dragonfly" are also nicknames of gold, so Jin wrong It can be called "sheet metal". The gold jade jade is a combination of "carving jade" and "golden gold", which is another development of the gold wrong process. The gold jade jade is produced in the jade industry in Beijing and Suzhou.

Nephrite method

The method of making jade soft. The jade is hard, not easy to soften, and it is not easy to engrave. It can be boiled into a boiled jade for a night and night, and then painted with alum, three centimeters, and three centimeters, dried, coated, and dried.

Soft crystal method

The method of making the crystal soft. The crystal is hard and difficult to engrave. It can be cooked with auspicious grass. But only copper and iron can be used for cooking. It is not advisable to use a sander. This method can also be used.

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